World War I
CASUALTIES ON THE
G/3929, was born in Bow, but lived and enlisted in
Dover. In 1911 he was working as a beer bar manager and
living at 1 Westbury Road, Dover, with his wife, Ellen,
his mother-in-law Sarah Bond, and his sons Charles,
George, and Alfred, and his daughters Alice and May.
He became a Corporal in The Queen's (Royal West
Surrey Regiment). He served in the 1st battalion, and
died on 25th September 1915. He is commemorated on the
Loos Memorial in France, panel 13-15.
Note: George Rawlings' medal card states that his death
was presumed on 29/5/15
Raysbrook, E. A.
Ernest Albert Raysbrook,
305485, was born in Dover on 22 August 1884. He was the
son of Frederick Raysbrook, a basket maker born in
Ashford, and his wife Agnes, née Pattison, born in
Smeeth, Kent. In 1891 the family were living at 131
London Road, Dover, with two sons and a daughter having
been born at Peckham, and Ernest and his younger brother
Sidney having been born at Hougham. In 1901, the family
were living at 10 Eric Street, Buckland, Dover, and
Ernest, then aged 16, was working as a builder's
Ernest lost his life on
28 April 1916, and is buried at the Malta Capuccini
Naval Cemetery, 316. He was a 1st class Stoker in the Royal
Navy, last serving on HMS "Russell". At the
time of his death, his wife, Rebecca, was living at 24
Clarendon Street, Dover.
Sidney Ernest F. Raysbrook, died in World War II, with the HMS Repute. In
1988 Sidney's sisters, Ivy, Rose, and Daisy, laid a simple
wreath of flowers at the War Memorial during the
Ernest Raybrook (sic) according to
the National Archives was born in Dover on 22 Aug 1884.
No middle name is noted. He is known as "Raybrook" on
both the national archives and the CWGC; the CWGC
records him just by the initial "E", no forename. The
1901 census has for Ernest Raysbrook an aged of 16,
which suggests a date of birth before 31 March 1885.
FreeBMD has an Ernest Albert Raysbrook registered in
Dover in the December quarter 1885. FreeBMD does not
have a "Raybrook" born in Dover.
This was Frank Reader, and could be Frank
Reader, the son of Henry and Mary Reader. In 1891 they
were living at 58 East Cliff, Dover. Henry was then a
Bath Chair Man, but previously had been living at The
Barracks, Kingsthorpe Road, Northamptonshire and was a
militia man. Frank was born around 1881 in Northampton;
he is recorded as Harry in that census, but as Frank in
the 1891 cenus. One of Frank's brothers, Henry in the
1881 census and Harry in the 1891 cenus, four years
older than Frank, had been born at the Shorncliffe Army
Camp. By 1901 Henry was a widower, living at Douro
Cottage, St James.
Frank's name may have been Henry
Frank Reader; if so then he is probably the man who was
born on 6 April 1880 in Northampton, and who lost his
life on 15 October 1914, serving with HMS Hawke. He is
commemorated on the Chatham Naval Memorial, England,
panel 3. He was married to Mary Jane Reader, from 143
Cowick Road, Upper
Percival Stanley Reader,
16, enlisted in Dover, and was a Private in the 7th Dragoon Guards (Princess Royal's)
of the Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line
(including Yeomanry and Imperial Camel Corps).. He
was reported wounded and missing on 21st December 1914,
and later was notified as killed in action. He was 27,
and is commemorated on Le Touret memorial in France. On Wednesday,
29th September 1915, a memorial service was held at
Buckland church for him and a number of other
parishioners who had become casualties. Two of his
brothers sang in the choir.
born at Tunbridge Wells, and enlisted in Dover. He was the son of William Nicholas Reader, who was a goods
agent at the Dover Town Station for the SECR, and his
wife Clara Jane. They lived at 62 Buckland Avenue,
Barton Road, Dover, and later at 13 Buckland Avenue.
They lost a second son, Reginald, below. They also had
two other sons on active service.
Reader, R. E.
Reginald Edward Reader,
S/27441, enlisted in Brighton and had lived in Dover,
and was a Rifleman in the 1st battalion of the
Rifle Brigade (Prince Consort's Own) (formerly R/30199
of the KRRC), and attached to the Royal Flying Corps.
He was 31 when he died of wounds on 17th May 1917. He is
buried at Etaples Military cemetery in France.
Reginald was brother to Percival, above, and also born
at Tunbridge Wells. His wife was
Phoebe Clara Reader, who lived at 11 Western Road, Tunbridge Wells, Kent. She had previously been living in
Burgess Hill, Sussex, and her parents, Mr and Mrs Sharp,
lived at 1 Alfred Road, Dover.
George Williams Redgate.
He was 42, and an Artificer Engineer, when he died
on 9th January 1918. He served with the HMS "Racoon",
which was wrecked off the Irish coast. He is
buried at Saint Peter and St Paul's, River, Dover in the
He was the son of John and Mary Ann Redgate, husband of
Helena Redgate, of 1 Ellas Road, Crouch Hill, London.
To be confirmed is whether
George was the person who wrote of the sinking
of the "Bluecher" when he was aboard the "Princess
Royal" That George's parents were Mr and Mrs Redgate, of 1
Glebe Land Cottages, River, and Mr Redgate worked for 30
years at the Packet Yard in Dover. George also worked
there and was considered well-known in Dover. He wrote
"It is evident the Germans did not expect us, as some of
the "Bluecher's" officers had their pyjamas on under
their uniform as though they had turned out hurriedly.
One who was saved had not been touched by anything, but
the blast from a busting shell had driven his pyjamas
right into his flesh so that as long as he lives he will
always be ready for bed. It was a sight to see the "Bluecher"
gradually settling and then disappear, and the Zeppelins
hovering overhead dropping bombs on their own
unfortunate countrymen. They carefully lept out of range
of our 13.5's however and we could not afford to stop as
the submarines were getting busy. We fired our first
round at 9.7 and finished up just before "opening time".
The "Molkte" will remember the "Princess Royal" and I am
very doubtful as to her reaching harbour. She was badly
on fire when we saw her last."
Robert Reeder was a Captain
and Flight Commander with the Royal Flying Corps, and
from the Manchester Regiment, with the 10th, formerly
He was killed in action in France on 6 January 1918 when
he was 24, and is buried at the Doullens Communal
Cemetery Extension No 1 in France.
He had been a scholar and
pupil teacher at St Martin's and from St Martin's had
won a scholarship to the County (now
Grammar) School in 1907. He had also been an Assistant Master at the Barton
Road School. He enlisted in the Artists' Rifles while a
student at St John's College, Battersea, from which he
graduated in 1916. He is named on the memorial there. He was
eventually commissioned in the Manchester Regiment TF.
the son of Captain R J Reeder (Royal Engineers) and
Lilian Maud Reeder, from 19a Emmanuel Road, Balham,
London, formerly 9 Staff Colony, Tidworth, Hampshire.
In 1911 he and his brother Charles were living with
their mother at 19 Malmains Road, Dover, where Robert,
aged 14, was a student teacher. His nephew, Robert
Reeder, son of his brother Charles, lost his life in
WWII. His brother-in-law, Leslie
Nowers, was lost in the Atlantic Ocean on 27
Robert Reeder was a trainee
teacher, and knew casualty A T
Eaves. He is one of the casualties for whom
resources were found for the "Unknown Warrior 90th
Anniversary" project, supported by the Heritage Lottery
Reeve, W. D'A.
Wentworth D'Arcy Reeve
(Charles D'Arcy Edmund Wentworth Reeve) was a Captain in
the Royal Flying Corps and Suffolk Regiment. He died on
18th July 1916 at Hounslow Heath, and is buried in Great Livermere (St
Peter) Churchyard, Suffolk.
the son of Mr Charles Sydney Wentworth Reeve and Annie Beatrice Reeve,
née Holden, from Thorpe Satchville, Melton Mowbray and
Livermere Park, Bury St. Edmunds, where they kept a
number of servants. The couple were married on 9 May
1889 at St Mary the Virgin, Dover. Then Mr Reeve was
living at Beach Street and was a Lieutenant in the 19th
Prince of Wales Own Hussars. Miss Holden was the
daughter of John Rose Holden, a barrister, and living at
Charles was the
youngest of four children; he had two sisters,
Helen Laura Wentworth Reeve and Margery Beatrice
Wentworth Reeve, and a brother John. Talbot Wentworth
Reeve. These three were all christened at St Mary the
Virgin, Dover, between 1890 and 1892; the Reeves were
then liviing at Victoria Park (no 13 in 1892, the home
of the Holden family). Born in Owsden, Suffolk, on 5
August 1894, Charles was a 2nd Lieutenant in the Suffolk
Regiment, while training to fly at the Military School,
Farnborough, on a Maurice Farman Biplane.
Edward Reeves, 156975,
enlisted in Dover and was
a Gunner in the 174th Siege Battery of the RGA. He died
September 1918 from shell wounds that he had received in
action at St Quentin.
He is buried at Heath Cemetery, Harbonnieres, France.
His parents were Mr G R and
Mrs S Reeves, from 4 Durham Place, Dover, in which town
he was born. He was their fourth son. His wife was Mrs H
E S Reeves, who lived at 39 Limekiln Street, and later
at 22 (CWGC says 2) Victoria Dwellings, Dover.
In September 1940, his
sister Lizzie and brother-in-law Charlie, and his
nieces, from Hull, inserted an in memoriam notice "In
loving memory of our dear brother (Ted)... dearly loved
and sadly missed".
"To the cherished memory of Gnr.
Edward (Ted) Reeves ..."Sleep lightly Ted, thou art for
King's guard in the morning" - Stewart." - 1950
Reeves, M. B.
Michael Bridgland Reeves,
15114, was a Private in the South African Infantry, in
the 2nd regiment. He died on 15th December 1917, when he
was 43. He is buried in the Fins New British Cemetery,
Sorel-Le-Grand in France.
Born in Middlesex, his mother was Mrs
Mary Thornton Reeves, from London. His wife was Minnie
Reeves, of 25 Leathern Road, Durban, South Africa. She
was born in Tonbridge in Kent. In 1901 they were living
at 13 Barton Gardens, Dover, with their then
two-year-old son, Basil, who had been born in Clapham.
Albert Victor Reid, 149957,
was a Gunner in the 265th Siege battery of the Royal Garrison
Artillery (formerly 358677, Kent RGA (T)). He died of wounds on 27 March 1918, when he
was 19, and now lies in the St Sever Cemetery Extension,
Rouen in France.
He was the
son of Mr Harry Reid, a stoker at the paper mill, and Mrs
Mary Reid, of 181 London Road, Buckland,
Dover, and was born and enlisted in that town. In 1911
he was living at 153 London Road with his parents, his
brothers Henry and Albert, and his sisters Florence and
The words at the bottom of the headstone say:
His duty was well done
Gone but not forgotten
It is probable
George Reid, a civilian casualty in 1940, was his
Frederick Rich, G/25996,
Private in the 11th battalion of the Royal West Surrey Regiment
(The Queen's) (formerly 30601, Oxford and Bucks Light
Infantry). He died of wounds on 2 October 1918 at the 105 Field Ambulance
in France, and is buried at the Belgian Battery Corner
Cemetery in Belgium.
born in Shorncliffe, and enlisted and lived in Dover. In
1911 he was living at 49 Winchelsea Street, Dover, with
his parents, Edmond, an Army Pensioner who was a
labourer at the Admiralty Works, and who was born in
Taranaki, New Zealand, and Emily Rich, and his sister
Florence and brothers William and Francis. He worked at
the Dover Express offices before joining up, and was a
great friend of George Cyril
Mrs E M Rich, of 49 Winchelsea Street, Dover,
probably his mother, Emily, requested that he should be
named on the Town Memorial. .
Richards, E. J.
Edwin James Richards,
141973, was a Private in the Machine Gun Corps, 6th
battalion Infantry (formerly 8424, The Buffs). He died
on 23rd April 1918. He is buried in Boulogne
Eastern Cemetery in France.
He was was
1891 at Temple Ewell, and enlisted in Dover. He was the
brother of Mr. Frederick Charles Richards, of 4 Cecil
Cottages, Westbere, Sturry, Canterbury. In 1911 he was
living with his parents, Edwin Richards, a labourer and
his wife Eliza, and his brother Frederick at 9 Dublin
Cottages. Also in the home was Horace Holmans, an
adopted son, born at Alkham and then aged 15.
Horace Benjamin Holmans was born in
1895 at Alkham, the son of John Graves Holmans and Sarah
Elizabeth, formerly Standing, née Chadwick. Horace's
middle name comes from his paternal grandfather,
Benjamin Holmans, born in 1822 at Great Mongeham, who
married Margaret Mary Banks in 1849.
Horace's parents married in 1891 and
Mrs Holmans died in 1895. In 1901 Horace was living with
his father and his sister Olive at "The Hermitage",
Church Alkham, near Dover. By 1911 he had moved to 9
Dublin Cottages, River, where he was living in the home
of his adopted father, Edwin John Richards. He was
working as a baker.
On 20 September
1913, he joined the 3rd Home Counties (Cinque Ports)
Brigade of the RAF, becoming 910246. On his attestation
his father is noted as living at 9 Dublin Cottages and
later at 10 Valley Road, River. He served in India and
Mesopotamia, and was discharged as physically unfit on 4
April 1917. He died at the age of 25 in Dover in 1920.
His funeral was semi-military, with a band of the Royal
Irish Fusiliers attending and bearing and a chaplain to
the forces officiating at the graveside. He left a
widow, Elizabeth, née Smith, whom he had married in
Richardson, C. W.
Charles William Richardson, 71637,
was a Gunner in the 287th Siege Battery of the RGA. He
died of wounds at Cambrai on 29th November 1918. He is
buried in the Menin Road South Military Cemetery,
Belgium, III I 13
born and enlisted in Dover, and C F Richardson from 42
Mayfield Avenue, Dover, asked that his name should be
placed on the Town Memorial.
Note: CWGC and
Soldiers Died have his date of death as 1917, the
memorial card states "1918"
Edward Richardson, 49196,
was a Lance Corporal in the 4th battalion of the
Bedfordshire Regiment. He was 19 when he was killed in
action on 14th
April 1918. He is commemorated on the Pozières memorial
He was the son of
Annie Pendleton Richardson, of 8 West Mount Terrace, Priory Hill, Dover,
and the late Francis Fox Richardson, who died on 11
January 1918, aged 61, after a month's illness. Mr
Richardson had been a
carpenter on the Admiralty Works; his brother, Harry
Richardson, built the Royal Hippodrome at Dover.
Edward was born,
enlisted, and lived in Dover, and in 1911 was living at
home with his parents, his sister Dorothy, and his
brothers Francis, Douglas, Stephen, and Cecil. There had
been four more children in the family, who had died in
Richardson, R. J.
Richard John Richardson,
T/2167, was a Private in the in the (1st)2nd/4th
of The Buffs.
He died at the Citadel
on 21st Sept 1915, and is buried in
the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery in Egypt, D17.
He was born in Guston and
enlisted and lived at Dover.
and Andy Cooper; Private Richardson's grave is at this
end of the cemetery, on the right.
Richardson, W. A.
Walter Allan Richardson,
8799, was a Corporal from the 2nd battalion of the Royal Scots
Fusiliers. He died of wounds at Ypres on 31st
October 1914, and is commemorated on the Menin Gate. He was the eldest son of Pipe-Major and
Mrs Richardson, of 16 Selbourne Terrace, Folkestone
Road, Dover. He was born and enlisted in that town,
but lived at Waterside, Londonderry.
A letter dated 26th
March 1915 from his Commanding Officer in the Field,
JHW Pollard, stated: "I should like to add that Corporal Richardson was a
most promising non-commissioned officer and did well
during the present campaign. Prior to the War he had
been one of our best pipers, and had been employed as
orderly to the Commanding Officer for two years during
training and manoeuvres. I am very sorry to have lost
His father gave this epitaph, "A soldier born, as a
soldier he died, facing the murderous Hun".
Riches, W. V.
William Victor Riches,
9737, was a Private in the East Yorkshire Regiment, 1st
battalion. He was killed in action 16th September 1916,
when he was 25. He is buried in the AIF Burial Ground,
Flers in France, 3 A 29.
He was born
and enlisted in Dover, and lived at Crabble Hill, Dover,
the son of James Riches, of 57 Crabble Hill. (CWGC entry
under J V Riches)
L/10001, was a Lance Corporal in the 2nd battalion of
The Buffs. He was wounded at Mons on 6th November 1914
in the right (another report says left)
shoulder, and returned
for convalescence. He returned to the trenches in March
1915, and just six weeks later, on 12th (another report
says 18th) May, he was
wounded by shrapnel in both thighs and in his spine. He
was taken to the General Hospital in France, and was
then brought home to England (one report says on 30th
May, another says two months after being wounded) and
taken to the King George Hospital in London. There he
died on 2nd December 1915, at the age of 20. .
funeral took place with full military honours on Tuesday
7th December at Buckland cemetery, Dover in the United
Kingdom. The Rev H Hopkinson officiated, and there were a hundred NCOs and
men, with CSM C H Grist, and led by Lieutenant E G Port,
present as a mark of their respect for George.
floral tributes were laid, including one from The Buffs.
Those from his family included the cards
loving memory, from his broken-hearted mother and
"from his sister, Annie"
"from his sisters, Daisy and Esther"
"from sister Hilda"
"from Mr and Mrs Richardson, sister and brother-in-law"
"from his brother in the trenches"
"from his little brothers and sisters"
the bottom of his gravestone are the words:
took him from his home but never from our
Born at Buckland in Dover, and enlisting and residing in
George was the son of Mr and Mrs M Rigden, later of 28
Limekiln Street, Dover. They had two other sons, a
son-in-law, and a nephew also serving at the Front.
In ever loving memory of
my dear son, Lance-Corporal George Rigden,
who died of wounds in King George's
Hospital, London, December 2nd 1915, aged 20
years. Never forgotten by his loving mother,
Mrs Gear. peace, perfect peace. Until we
*Roberts, A. H.
Arthur Harold Roberts.
Arthur Bertram Howard Roberts, L/8935, was in the
1st battalion of The Buffs. he was awarded the Military
Medal. He was 24 when he died on 2nd December 1917, and
is commemorated on the Cambrai Memorial, Louverval in
He was one of three brothers who
served, and was the son of Arthur John Howard Roberts (Q.M.S
of the 1st Battalion of The Buffs) and the late
Edith Roberts. He was born in Athlone, County Rocommon,
and lived and enlisted in Dover.
This could also be Arthur Harold
Roberts, M2/166964, bellringer at St Mary's, who was a
Private in the Army Service Corps, No 1 Reserve M T
Depot. He died on 5th May 1916 at the fourth London
General Hospital, and is buried at St Mary's, F L 5. He
was the "dearly loved" husband of Ethel Roberts,
from 21 Lorne Road.
information from research by Hazel Basford, Librarian,
Kent County Association of Change Ringers
Isaac Roberts, 111903, was
a Pioneer in the Royal Engineers. He was 54 when he died
on 9th May 1916, and is buried at St Mary's cemetery, Dover
in the United Kingdom, in
which town he died. Mrs E Roberts, of Portland Place,
requested that his name should go on the Town Memorial.
The CWGC records that his wife was Mrs E. Roberts, of 4
Albany Flats, Dover.
Robinson, C. E. B.
Charles Eugene Barnes
Robinson was a freemason in the Orion in the West Lodge,
London. The brother of Herbert, below, he was born
in 1872 and was serving as a Major in the 117th
Mahrattas when lost his life on 27 September 1915 at the
aged of 43. He is commemorated on the Basra Memorial,
Mesopotamia - present-day Iraq.
Robinson, H. P.
Herbert Pollexfen Robinson,
2020295, was a Private in the Canadian Infantry, 7th
Battalion. He was the son of Colonel Barnes Slyfield
Robinson, born in Dublin and Mrs Marion Stone Robinson,
née Pollexfen, born in Cheshire, who had married in the
Birkenhead area in 1867. He was born on 7 October 1876
at Thactunjo, British Burma, India.
His father died on 25 October 1887,
having then been living at 2 Leyburne Terrace, Dover,
and is said to be buried at Dover Castle. In the 1891
census Herbert was living with his widowed mother at 1
Harold Terrace, Dover. There too were his brother
Charles, above, aged 18, born in Cheshire, and his
sister Pearl, then 15, and possibly born in Burma. All
three were scholars.
There were other children: Eva Marion Pollexfen, born in
1868, Lillie, born in 1869, Maud June, born in
1871, and Arthur Pollexfen, born in 1873.
enlistment in Canada, Herbert was described as having
grey eyes and light brown hair, and being 5ft 7½ ins
tall. He had seen previous service as a Lieutenant, and
had served with the Manchester Regiment, 2nd Irish
Fusiliers, and 1st West India Regiment, but was working
as a rancher. He had spent around fifteen years in
Fresno county, on a ranch near Wahtoke, which he bought.
years before his death, he and his family had moved to 1240
Collins Avenue, Fresno, California, USA, where he was
connected with the Metropolitan Life Insurance company. He was married
to Ida Rose Lena Robinson, who later lived at 538 North
Manhattan Place, Los Angeles, California, and the couple
had a son, Nelson, 13 at the time of his father's death.
was shot in the head by a sniper at about 5.30am on 2
September 1918, during an attack on the Drocout-Queant
Line south west of Dury, and is buried at Upton Wood Cemetery, Hendecourt-Les-Cagnicourt,
France, in grave A 30. He was 41 years old.
A memorial service was held for him at St James'
Pollexfen Robinson was born in 1873, and in 1899 married
Helen Janet Parsons in Dover. She was the sister of
Raymond Steriker Parsons.
Arthur too was on service; the couple's first child,
Lancelot, was born in 1901 in Cooner, India. They later
had a daughter, Helen Mary F Robinson, born in Dover in
1909. Sadly, her mother died on 12 March 1909 at the age
of 37. The couple had lived at 1 Marine Court, Dover.
with thanks to Joyce Banks
George Rogers, S/418, was
an Army Pensioner, working as a porter at the Grand
Hotel. He lived at 2 Stembrook, Dover, and had friends
living at 116 Clarendon Place, Dover. He was born in
Paris, and re-enlisted in Canterbury as
a Private in The Buffs, 2nd battalion.
reported missing on 24th May 1915, and a year later as
having died. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate
memorial in Belgium.
Rouse, A. C.
Albert Charles Rouse, was a
Lieutenant from the Worcestershire Regiment, attached to
the 32nd Signal Company, Royal Engineers. Born in
Maidstone, he was a career soldier, being in 1911 a
corporal, stationed at the Shaft Barracks at the Western
Heights in Dover.
promoted and awarded the DCM for bravery, and he was
mentioned in Sir Douglas Haig's dispatches. He was 26
when he died from wounds on 20th March 1916, and is
buried at Millancourt Communal cemetery, France.
He was the son of Charles and Caroline Rouse, of Maidstone,
husband of Annie Rouse. Annie (née Small) was living in Maidstone in March 1915, and later went to 30, York Street, Dover.
Harry Russell, 52556, was
the eldest son of Mr William John and Mrs Ellen Annie
Russell, of 80 Oswald Road, Dover, and lived in that
town. Before he enlisted in Canterbury he was employed by the River and District Co-operative
Society (Biggin Street Branch).
as a Lance Corporal in D company
of the 4th battalion of the Duke of Cambridge's Own Middlesex Regiment. He was
killed in action on 29th June 1918, at the age of 20,
and is buried at Couin New British cemetery, France.